Experiencing jaw pain can result from many activities like chewing a tough piece of meat or tensing up during stressful times. However, if you are struggling with jaw pain on a consistent and regular basis, it may be more serious. The impact of jaw discomfort can become debilitating if left untreated.
If you have pain in your jaw that doesn't go away, has gotten worse over time, you may be suffering from TMJ.
TMJ is the acronym for the temporomandibular joint connecting your jaw bone to the temporal bones on both sides of your head. Your TMJ is what allows you to open and close your mouth. Doctors and dentists often use the term TMJ to describe a temporomandibular disorder (TMD) that causes pain in the joint and muscle surrounding the jaw. The term TMD covers other pain associated with the nerves, cartilage, or joint fluid around the face and jaw.
TMJ is estimated to affect about 25% of the population, with the majority being women between 20 and 40. Teeth grinding and jaw changing are believed to be the leading cause behind TMJ, or by a combination of factors.
Common causes of TMJ include:
TMJ's signs and symptoms can vary from person to person; however, most are suffering from TMJ experience:
Home treatments for TMJ or TMD include many of the same treatments and techniques used by dentists, including regular jaw and neck stretching combined with pain relievers.
Manage symptoms of TMJ at home by:
Discomfort from TMJ shouldn't be ignored, especially if it's persistent and makes simple things such as eating, drinking, or talking more difficult. When you see your dentist for TMJ pain, we will examine your mouth and check the muscles in your face, jaw, and neck. Additionally, we will look along the inside of your mouth for teeth grinding and jaw clenching. The range of motion of your jaw will also be examined, and the distance you can open or close your mouth will be measured.
Once diagnosed, most patients with TMJ are treated with medications such as ibuprofen and muscle relaxers, a mouth guard to prevent teeth grinding, and neck and jaw stretching exercises. In certain instances, we may recommend a treatment plan that includes resting the jaw and a soft-food diet to help rest the jaw. Determining your triggers for your pain is often a critical piece in helping you find relief from jaw pain.
In extreme cases, surgery ranging from minimally invasive to open-joint surgery to replace the TMJ may be necessary.
If you're experiencing chronic jaw pain or any other TMJ symptoms listed above, don't hesitate to contact Elite Dental & Denture PC today.